Web hosting kya hai, Web hosting कितने प्रकार की होती है ?

Hello dosto, internet ki duniya me web hosting ek jana maana shabd hai. phir bhi yadi aap nahi jante ki Web honsting kya hoti hai to aap is post ko jarur pade kyunki is post me mai apko web hosting ke bare me poori detail ke sath bataunga ki Web hosting kya hai and web hosting kitne prakar ki hoti hai ?

Agar aap ek blogger hai ya apka koi website banane ka plan hai to apko apne blog/website ko setup kane ke liye domain ke sath hi ek acchi web hosting ki bhi jarurat padti hai.

Isliye yadi sabse pahle ya pata hone chahiye ki web hosting kya hai, web hosting kitne parkar ki hoti hai?

Iske liye aap is post completely jarur pade taki aap web hosting ke bare me sab kuch jaan sake. To ayiye web hosting ke bare me sabkuch vistaar se jante hai.

Web hosting kya hai?

Web hosting do shabdo se milkar bana hai –Web+Hosting. Isme web ka matlab internet ya website hota hai or hosting ka matlab internet ki duniya me vo jagah jaha par koi bhi apna Data (audio,video,images,text, etc.) save karke rakhta hai.

Or us data ko kisi n kisi computer par store Karke rakha jata hai jise web server kahte hai. In web servers se hi koi bhi data ya content users tak pahunchta hai.

Yani jab bhi koi user kisi website ko visit krta hai to result me us website par jo bhi content show hota hai to content us web server se user tak pahunch rha hota hai.

Yani ham yah kah sakte hai ki internet hume jo bhi contenet dikhata hai vo content kisi n kisi web server par hosted (stored) kiya hua hai jaha se vo data internet dwara hum tak pahunch raha hota hai.

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Web server kya hai?

Web server ek aisa powerful computer hota hai jiska hardware and networking system bahut powerful hota hai jo ki internet se juda rahta hai or jo 24 hours Power On rahta hai.

Vaise agar aap chahe to apne personnal computer ko bhi ek web server bana sakta hai but iske liye apko uske software me badav karna hoga or use 24 hours On rakhna hoga and usme internet connection bhi dena hoga.

But aisa karna humare liye na to fayeda ka soda hai or na hi ye har kisi ke iye possible ho pata hai. Isliye is problem ke solution ke liye kuch companiyo ne bade bade Data centers banaye hai jaha par kayi powerful computers hote hai jinki disk space and processing speed kafi jyada fast hoti hai.

In data centers ke computers me millions websites ka data store hota hai jiske liye ye hosting provider companiya kuch charge (monthly/yeary) lekar hosting provide karati hai.

Iske liye ye companies alag alag plans offer karti hai. Ab log jaisa chahe apne anusaar suitable web hosting plan le satke hai.

Abhi aap rksupports.com ki Web hosting kya hai is post ko pad rahe hai to iska matlab bhi ye hi hai ki humari ye website bhi internet ki duniya me kisi n kisi web server par hosted hai jisse aap tak ye content pahunch raha hai or mai jab tak is website ko web server par host karke rakhna chahu tab tab tak ye post mere web server me hosted rahegi or tab tak uska mujhe charge apni web hosting company ko dena hoga. Or tab tak hi meri website ka content apne user tak pahunch payega.

Yani hum yah kah sakte hai ki jab data kisi web server par hosted hai tab user us data ya content ko access kar sakta hai.

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Types of Web hosting:

Friends apne yah to jaan liya ki web hosting kya hoti hai. Iske baad ab hum janenge ki web hosting kitne prakaar ki hoti hai ya types of web hosting kya hai?

Web hosting 4 prakar ki hoti hai-

  1. Shared Web Hosting,
  2. VPS (Vertual Private Server)
  3. Dedicated Hosting
  4. Cloud Web Hosting

1. Shared web hosting:

Shared web hosting ke tahat ek hi server computer me kayi sari website host ki jati hai yani server par multiple websites ka data store karke rakha jata hai to ise shared web hosting kaha jata hai.

Yah thik usi tarha hi hai jaise kisi ek room ko kayi logo dwara share karna. Thik usi tarah Shared web hosting me bhi aisa hi hotahai.

Shared web hosting me server copmuter ka jitna bhi disk space hota hai vo disk space sari hosted websites ke liye divide kar diya jata hai.

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Shared web hosting ke fayede:
  • Ye sabse sasti web hosting service hai jo ki har ek new blogger use karta hai.
  • kam traffic wali new website ke liye shared web hosting kafi acchi mani jati hai. Isme 1000 tak traffic asani se handle ho jata hai.
  • Isme user ko control panel ke dwara asani se apni website ka data handle kiya ja sakta hai.
Shared web hosting ke nuksaan:
  • Isme user ko jyada bandwidth, RAM nahi milti hai or disk space bhi limited hi milta hai.
  • Website par Jyada traffic ane par website ka load timing bhi badne lagta hai. kabhi kabhi to website hang tak ho jati hai.
  • Isme web hosting companies jayada support nahi karti hai.
  • Shared web hosting me security bhi ek major problem hai.

2. VPS (Virtual Private Network) web hosting:

Jab ek powerful server ko software ke madhyam se virtually kayi parts me divide kar diya jata hai to ise VPS web hosting kahte hai.

Isme un chote chote virtual parts ko personnaly kisi ek usre ko allot kar diya jata hai jisme user ko us poore hisse ka use karne ki permissioin hoti hai. Isme apko hosting kisi ke sath share nahi karni padti hai.

VPS web hosting kisi ek personnel room ki tarah hi hota hai jisme jab tak aap rahte ho tab tak keval aap us room ki sabhi chijo ka fully use kar sakte ho.

VPS web hosting ke fayede:
  • Isme user ko kisi ke sath hosting nahi krani padi hai. yani user poore VPS server ka use kar sakta hai.
  • Ye Shared web hosting se jyada secure or fast service hoti hai jisme website par jyda traffic hone par bhi site ki loading speed kam nahi hoti hai.
  • Isme hosting company user ko better support provide karti hai.
  • Isme user ko fully control karne ki permission milti hai jisse user jaise chahe customize( bandwidth, memory udgrade etc.) kar sakte hai.
  • VPS web hosting ki service baki hostings ke mukable sabse acchi mani jati hai.
VPS web hosting ke nuksaan:
  • Ye hosting service shared hosting ki tulna me jyada costly hoti hai jise har ek user afford nahi kar pata hai.
  • Isko use karne ke liye apko jyada technical knowledge hona jaruri hai.

3. Dedicated Web Hosting:

Ye web hosting us building ki tarah hai jiska sirf ek hi malik hota hao jo us poori building ka use apne liye karta hai. Vo malik us poori building ko apne anusar use kar sakta hai.

Iske sath hi us building ki maintenance or kiraya bhi usi malik ko dena hota hai.

Thik isi tarah Dedicated web hosting me bhi ek powerful server computer user ko allot kar diya jata hai jispar poora control ek hi user ka hota hai.

Isme kisi bhi prakar ki hosting share nahi ki jati hai. Is web hosting ka use jyadatar vo log karte hai jinke website par million me traffic aata hai.

Dedicated web hosting ke fayede:
  • Ye web hosting sabse jyada fast or secure hoti hai.
  • Isme million of traffic ho handle karne ki power hoti hai.
  • Isme server ko fully control or access karne ka adikar client ko diya jata hai.

Dedicated web hosting ke nuksaan:


Ye ek bahut hi jyada costly service hai jise har koi afford nahi kar pata hai.

  • Ye ek bahut hi jyada costly service hai jise har koi afford nahi kar pata hai.
  • Iske liye usre ko bahut jyada technical knowledge ki jarurat hoti hai.

4. Cloud Web Hosting:

Web hosting ki duniya me ye ek naya naam hai jise aajkal har koi psanad karne laga hai. Iski technology baki web hosting se thodi differnet hai.

Isme ek website ka data duniya bhar ke alag alag web servers me store hota hai or ye sabhi web servers apas me judkar ek cluster banate hai yani ek virtual server tyaar karte hai.

Jis tarah ek cloud (baadal) udte hue alag alag jagah travel karte rahte hai kabhi ek jagah rukte nahi hai thik isi tarah cloud web hosting me bhi ek website ka data alag alag virtual servers se prapt kiya jata hai.

Iska fayeda yah hota hai ki jab koi user website ko visit karta hai to us user ko data apne desh ke najdiki server se hi prapt hota hai.

For example- Man lijiye aap India se hai or yadi aap ek aisi website ko visit kar rahe hai jo Cloud based server par hosted hai to aise me apko jo data milega vo India ke server se hi milega.

Cloud Web hosting ke fayede:
  • Isme sabse bada fayeda yeh hota hai ki apki website kabhi bhi down nahi hoti hai kyunki website ka saara data cloud servers se milta rahta hai.
  • Isme website bahut fast load hoti hai.
  • Isme website ki security bhi bahut jyada rahti hai.
  • Isme high traffic ko bhi asani se handle kar kiya ja sakta hai.
  • Isme data currept hone chance na ke barabar hote hai.

Cloud Web hosting ke nuksaan:

  • Isme apko root access ki suvidha nahi milti hai.
  • Ye service baki hosting plans ki tulna me thodi jyada mahnagi hai.

Conclusion:

To friends ab aap samjh gaye honge ki Web hosting kya hai or ye kitne prakar ki hoti hai. Sath hi apne ye bhi jana ki web server kya hai?

Iske sath hi alag alag web hosting or unke fayede or nuksaan ke bare me bhi apne vistaar se jana.

Mujhe umeed hai ki apko ye jankari pasand ayi hogi. Ise apne apne friends ko bhi share kare.

Yadi apke koi sawal ya sujhav ho to hume comment karke jarur bataye.

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